Aesthetic Vs. Deep Chemical Peel: What’s The Difference?



Aesthetic Vs. Deep Chemical Peel: What’s The Difference?

Sun damage. Aging. Fine lines. Wrinkles. Hyperpigmentation. Acne scars. These are all things that we wear on our faces, literally. A chemical peel is a procedure that can take care of all of the aforementioned issues that plague the skin on our faces. There are different types of chemical peels and each serves a specific purpose. There are aesthetic chemical peels, medium peels and deep chemical peels. Each are effective in fighting the signs of aging, but there are some differences between them.

 Aesthetic Vs. Deep Chemical Peel

What is a chemical peel?

A chemical peel is a treatment that improves the skin’s condition by removing its outer layers to reveal the new skin underneath. After a chemical peel the skin appears fresh and younger looking. A chemical peel can also improve the skin’s surface by targeting and smoothing out fine lines, blotchy pigmentation, acne scars and sun damage. The chemicals used in this treatment are safe and rely on PH levels. The PH level of the peel will determine how deep it can penetrate the skin.

Aesthetic peels

Also known as a superficial or light peel, aesthetic peels are done to refresh the skin and remove blemishes. These are the most gentle type of chemical peel available and are made from alpha hydroxy acid, beta hydroxy acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid or fruit enzymes. Aesthetic peels only remove the top layer of skin, also know as the epidermis. If you have minimal damage from acne or the sun and slight scarring, an aesthetic peel will do your skin justice. After an aesthetic peel, most people are able to return to work. There is no downtime with this type of chemical peel and although the skin may be a bit red afterwards, makeup is permitted to conquer this issue.

Medium peels

This type of chemical peel falls in between an aesthetic peel and a deep peel. With trichloroacetic acid or a similar product, a medium peel is able to penetrate deeper than the epidermis. Medium peels can treat wrinkles, sun damage and create a smoother even skin tone. Blemishes and fine lines will also be removed. Medium peels can produce moderate stinging but this generally subsides about a half hour after the treatment is completed. Because medium chemical peels penetrate deeper than an aesthetic peel, you may experience some swelling and redness of the skin. Some patients report itchiness but that is a normal part of the healing process. Medium peels require approximately five to seven days of recovery. However, once your skin has recovered from your chemical peel you’ll notice a major change in your appearance, leaving you looking younger and more fresh-faced.

Deep peels

For those who require the chemicals to penetrate farther beneath the epidermis, there’s the deep peel. This type of chemical peel is the strongest available and perfect for those with heavy wrinkles and lines, severe sun damage, scarring, hyperpigmentation and uneven skin. Deep peels contain carbolic acid, which is able to reach down and target the dermis, the layer of skin that lies below the epidermis. Once the deep peel is completed, your skin will be red and swollen. Because this type of peel is able to penetrate deep below the epidermis, it will scab as part of the healing process. Once the scabbing heals, a fresh layer of skin will form, leaving you looking revitalized and younger.

What’s the main difference between an aesthetic peel, medium peel and deep peel?

Besides the type of acids used in the peels themselves, the level of penetration is the main difference between the three peels. An aesthetic peel only removes blemishes on the skin’s surface (epidermis), a medium peel reaches a little below the epidermis and a deep peel penetrates the dermis. A smaller difference between the peel types is how your skin reacts to them and the downtime needed for recovery. An aesthetic peel requires no downtime, a medium peel needs about a week to heal and a deep peel can take longer because of the scabbing involved.

What type of peel do I need?

The type of peel you need will depend on your skin. The best way to determine if an aesthetic peel or deep peel is right for you would be to make an appointment with a cosmetic surgeon or dermatologist. During your consultation, the doctor will examine your skin and figure out the best course of action. If you are simply looking to refresh your skin, the doctor will probably recommend a light, superficial peel. On the other hand, if you are hoping to correct harsh sun damage and reduce the appearance of heavy wrinkles, a deep peel could be the right choice.

Chemical peels provide a way to rejuvenate your skin with incredible results. If you are interested in undergoing a chemical peel, contact us. We will meet with you to determine the type that is ideal for your skin type.

May 17, 2017

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